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Diabetic Retinopathy: Diabetes can lead to a condition called diabetic retinopathy, which affects the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. Over time, high blood sugar levels can cause damage to these blood vessels, leading to vision impairment or even blindness if left untreated. Regular eye examinations are crucial for early detection and timely treatment of diabetic retinopathy.

Cataracts and Glaucoma: People with diabetes are also at an increased risk of developing cataracts (clouding of the eye’s lens) and glaucoma (damage to the optic nerve). Both conditions can contribute to vision loss if not managed effectively. Routine eye check-ups can help identify these issues early on, allowing for appropriate treatment or interventions.


Preventive Measures

  1. Maintain Optimal Blood Sugar Levels: Keeping blood sugar levels within the target range recommended by your healthcare provider is key to reducing the risk and progression of diabetic eye complications. Adhering to a healthy diet, regular exercise, and taking prescribed medications as directed are crucial aspects of diabetes management.
  2. Regular Eye Examinations: Diabetic individuals should undergo comprehensive eye examinations at least once a year, or as recommended by their eye care specialist. These exams can detect any signs of diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, or glaucoma early, enabling timely intervention.
  3. Control Blood Pressure and Cholesterol: High blood pressure and cholesterol levels can exacerbate the impact of diabetes on eye health. Managing these conditions through a balanced diet, regular exercise, and medication, if necessary, can help minimize the risk of complications.



Diabetes and Foot Health

Peripheral Neuropathy: Diabetes can cause peripheral neuropathy, a condition characterized by nerve damage in the feet. It can lead to a loss of sensation, making it challenging to detect injuries or infections. Regular self-examinations and prompt medical attention are crucial to prevent complications such as foot ulcers and infections.

Foot Ulcers and Infections: Diabetes-related nerve damage and poor circulation can lead to the formation of foot ulcers, which are slow-healing wounds. These ulcers can become infected and, in severe cases, may lead to amputation. Proper foot care, including daily inspection, wearing comfortable shoes, and seeking immediate medical attention for any signs of infection or injury, is vital.


Preventive Measures

  1. Daily Foot Care: Practice good foot hygiene by washing your feet daily, drying them thoroughly (especially between the toes), and applying a moisturizer to prevent dry skin. Avoid soaking your feet, as it can lead to further skin damage.
  2. Proper Footwear: Wear well-fitting, comfortable shoes that provide adequate support and protection. Avoid walking barefoot, even indoors, to minimize the risk of injury or infection.
  3. Regular Foot Examinations: Inspect your feet daily for any cuts, blisters, redness, or swelling. If you have difficulty seeing or reaching your feet, use a mirror or seek assistance from a family member or healthcare professional.
  4. Professional Foot Care: Schedule regular foot exams with a healthcare provider or podiatrist experienced in diabetic foot care. They can help identify any potential issues early on and provide appropriate treatment or guidance.




Diabetes can have a significant impact on eye and foot health, but with proactive measures, many complications can be prevented or managed effectively. Regular eye examinations, optimal blood sugar control, and maintaining proper foot care are key to minimizing the risks associated with diabetes. By prioritizing these preventive measures, individuals can lead a healthier and more fulfilling life, ensuring the well-being of their eyes and feet for years to come. To know more about appointments, diagnosis and diabetes care in general, mail us at frontdesk@thelecc.com or call +234 817 365 1737.