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One crucial topic that deserves attention for men is testicular cancer. Although it may be an uncomfortable subject to discuss, understanding the risk factors, symptoms, and importance of early detection is essential for saving lives. In this post, we aim to shed light on testicular cancer and empower men to take charge of their health.

Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the testicles grow and multiply uncontrollably. While it is relatively rare compared to other types of cancer, it primarily affects young and middle-aged men between the ages of 15 and 35. It is crucial to recognize the potential risks and be aware of the warning signs to ensure early detection and prompt treatment.


Risk Factors

 Several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing testicular cancer. These include:

  1. Age: Younger men are at higher risk, with the peak incidence occurring in their late teens and early twenties.
  2. Undescended Testicle (Cryptorchidism): Men born with one or both testicles undescended into the scrotum have an increased risk.
  3. Family History: Having a close relative, such as a father or brother, who has had testicular cancer, increases the risk.
  4. Personal History: If you’ve had testicular cancer before, you’re at a higher risk of developing it in the other testicle.


Recognizing the Symptoms

Detecting testicular cancer in its early stages greatly improves the chances of successful treatment. Be vigilant and consult our oncology team if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  1. A lump or swelling in either testicle.
  2. Testicular pain or discomfort.
  3. Heaviness or aching sensation in the lower abdomen or scrotum.
  4. Changes in the size, shape, or consistency of a testicle.
  5. Fluid accumulation in the scrotum.
  6. Back pain or chest pain (in advanced cases).



Self-Examination and Medical Evaluation

Performing regular testicular self-examinations is a simple yet powerful way to detect any abnormalities. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

  1. Stand in front of a mirror and visually inspect your scrotum for swelling, lumps, or other irregularities.
  2. Examine each testicle with both hands, using your thumb and fingers to feel for any lumps or changes in texture.
  3. Compare each testicle, as it is normal for one to be slightly larger or hang lower than the other.
  4. If you notice anything unusual or have concerns, make an appointment with your healthcare provider for further evaluation.


LECC can conduct various diagnostic tests, including ultrasound, blood tests (such as tumor marker tests), and biopsy if necessary. Early diagnosis and proper medical guidance are crucial for determining the most appropriate treatment options.



Treatment and Beyond

Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even in advanced stages, with a high chance of cure. Treatment options may include surgery (orchidectomy), radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these. The specific treatment plan depends on the stage and type of cancer.

After treatment, regular follow-up appointments with our healthcare team are essential to monitor your progress and detect any potential recurrence. Openly discussing concerns, side effects, and psychological well-being with our professionals, loved ones, or support groups can be tremendously helpful during the recovery process.


Testicular cancer is a significant health concern, but with increased awareness, early detection, and timely medical intervention, survival rates continue to improve. Men should take an active role in their health by familiarizing themselves with the risk factors, recognizing potential symptoms, performing regular self-examinations, and promptly seeking medical attention if any concerns arise. To know more about appointments, diagnosis and men’s health in general, mail us at frontdesk@thelecc.com or call +234 817 365 1737.